Archive for June, 2010

Jun 15

Premier Heritage are proud to launch their new Property Problem Photo Library!

The photographs we have on display show a variety of insect infestations along with the culprits responsible for the damage, as well as wood rotting fungi and numerous types of dampness.

Premier Heritage Photographic LibraryEnvironmental conditions within a building, structural dampness and building defects all contribute to the causes of fungal decay and in some cases accelerated beetle infestation and to minimise the risk of timber decay and other problems good property maintenance is essential.

The photographs shown are for interest only and should you require guidance or advice on any particular concerns affecting your own property then please do not hesitate to contact our office to discuss or arrange an independent survey of your property.

See also our building defects the maintenance section, showing photographs of a range of common building defects that are responsible for and or contribute to structural dampness and timber defects in properties.

To visit the photo library click on the Photos section on our navigation!

Jun 08

Powder Post Beetle Habitat:-

Sapwood of tropical and European Hardwoods, principally oak and elm containing large pores and a high starch content. Not found in softwoods. Commonly found in new furniture, wood block and strip flooring. Panel products such as veneers, plywood and block board can be susceptible.

Powder Post Beetle Damage Characteristics:-

Emergence Holes – Circular in shape 1-2mm diameter Powder Post Beetle - (Lyctus Brunneus)

Bore Tunnels – 1-2mm diameter usually running parallel to the grain. The sapwood is often completely disintegrated, leaving just a thin, intact surface skin of wood.

Bore Dust / Frass – Cream coloured, fine talcum powder consistency when rubbed between fingers. Will accumulate in small piles beneath emergence holes and can be easily shaken from bore tunnels.

Larvae – Up to 6mm in length, curved pale cream in colour; three pairs small legs, darker spots (breathing pores) on either side near rear of body. Found all year round in infested timbers feeding on the sapwood.

Adult Beetle – 4-7mm long, reddish brown to black; flattened and elongated with roughly parallel sides. Powder post can fly well and are generally attracted to light at night. Female beetles can lay up to 200 eggs and adult beetles can often been seen emerging from infected timber, making them easy for collection and correct identification.

Emergence Period – Found on or around damaged timber, particularly between May and September, although can be found all year round in heated building. It is evident with the Powder Post Beetle that environmental conditions and the nutritional condition and type of timber will much influence the length of their life cycle.

Powder Post Beetle Remedial Treatment:-

Targeted Treatments; – Organic solvent based chemical or pastes applied where sapwood is easily accessible. Treatment of floors and furniture rarely justifiable on the basis of cost, but more importantly treatments often ineffective due to applied finishes preventing chemical uptake. If you suspect you have a Powder Post Beetle problem and require specialist advice please call 0800 0 199 211

Jun 07

Powder Post Beetle Advice

It has become extremely popular over the past decade or so, to rip up those carpets, drive down to your local timber yard and purchase and lay that beautiful oak floor that you’ve always craved for!

Costs a lot of money, but hey………. it looks great, feels great and more importantly will last for years.

But hang on, what’s this…………. You start to notice little holes appearing in the floorboards, what can it be? Its woodworm, the little blighters have got into my new floor.

However the culprit in this particular case is unlikely to be your ordinary woodworm the Common Furniture Beetle (Anobium punctatum) as generally found in domestic housing, as well as period and commercial buildings, but is more likely to be Lyctus Brunneus, otherwise known as the Powder Post Beetle.

Powder Post Beetle following emergence from oak floor boarding

Powder Post Beetle following emergence from oak floor boarding

Powder Post Beetles are insects that attack the sapwood of wide pored hardwoods such as Oak & Elm and over the last 10 years or so we at Premier Heritage have investigated numerous cases of this particular insect. It seems to be becoming more frequent with reported cases most commonly in flooring, but also identified in new furniture, as well as structural and decorative oak timbers introduced during new build construction.

Powder Post Beetles attack the sapwood that has a sufficient starch content (greater than 3%) and it is evident therefore that it is a very specialised insect indeed and has very specific requirements, especially in relation to starch. Indeed, it is the starch content of potentially susceptible hardwoods which make them prone to attack by the Powder Post Beetle.

It should however be noted that as wood ages the starch content declines (due to bacterial action) and therefore after around 10 years or so, the levels will have dropped so that infestation/activity is no longer possible.

Furthermore, given the special requirements of the insect it is not going to infest the existing old hardwood timbers (if any) or those softwoods found in housing.

Given the very special requirements of the insect and the wood it attacks (newly converted wide pored hardwoods with sufficient starch content), then your normal domestic house will not contain such timbers, except where they have been introduced to form a new hardwood floor.

Powder Post Beetle

Powder Post Beetle damage to a newly laid oak floor













It is also extremely unlikely that this insect will fly into your property where such susceptible timbers have just been laid, but almost inevitable the insect would have been introduced with wood already infected; this occurs where such wood may have been stored, i.e. timber yards, furniture manufacturers etc.

What to do if you find Powder Post Beetle in an oak floor

If you find woodworm in your new Oak floor what should you do?

• Well firstly the infestation needs to be correctly identified; incorrect identification could result in unnecessary chemical treatments being applied and as such the floor should therefore be inspected by a qualified Timber Infestation Surveyor (CTIS or CSRT).

• Having identified that the infestation is the Powder Post Beetle then it should be considered that the flooring materials would almost certainly have been infested prior to purchase and being laid in your property. You should therefore consider taking the following initial action.

Contact and advise the contractor who laid the floor (this is with whom your contract would normally be formed) or the suppliers of the timber, that the flooring is infected by woodworm and as such should be considered ‘defective’ and not of merchantable quality.

Powder Post Beetle frass and beetle emergence holes

Powder Post Beetle frass and beetle emergence holes













If the wood is of aesthetic value then it may be argued that the damage (holes) make it not fit for its purpose. If one examines the wood and finds elongated surface scoring then this indicates that the damage was present when the wood was sawn and planed, i.e., long before you bought and laid it in your property.
You should then consider the following actions:

1] Ask for the wood to be replaced as it was supplied defective.
2] If the damage is very minor (on a few sapwood edges), then you could consider using an ‘injector’ to apply a wood preservative into the holes and this could be an acceptable solution. Nevertheless, inform the supplier of the problem and it may be prudent to put them ‘on notice’ that if the infestation should worsen then you will expect them to take appropriate action over it.

Note: Do not chemically spray the entire floor! Most floors retain some form of stain or varnish that would limit chemical uptake. Also treatment in most cases, to be fully effective, rely on chemical being applied to both sides, which after the floor is laid won’t be possible, and clearly to lift the floor would be very expensive, and almost certainly cause irreversible damage.
Finally, don’t let the supplier of the timber fob you off with the ……”It’s nothing to do with us mate – you’ve got woodworm”. Yes you have, but inevitably this insect was brought in to your home with the new hardwood, and it is therefore certainly the supplier’s problem.